New study contrasts native and immigrant Latinas in U.S

Fascinating statistics released yesterday on the demographic makeup of the female Latina community in the United States show some striking, if unsurprising, differences between non-Latina and Latina women, as well as the native-born and immigrant female Latina communities.

Nearly half of the 14.4 million Latina women in the United States today were born in the United States or abroad to a U.S parent, according to a report released yesterday by the Pew Hispanic Center. The other 52 per cent of Latina women were born in other countries and came to live in the U.S.

More than half of all Latina women report that they speak only English at home or that they speak English very well. Amongst immigrant Latina women (about half of all Latina women in the U.S), seven-in-ten of these women (73%) say that they do not speak English in their home or that they do not speak English very well.

There are important differences between Latina women and non-Latina women in the U.S. For example, Latina women are more likely to live in poverty and are less educated than non-Latina women.

Although both groups are equally likely to be married, Latinas are generally less educated and have a higher fertility rate that non-Latina women. Immigrant Latinas have a higher fertility rate that native-born Latina women.

Native-born Latina women are more likely to have children out of wedlock than immigrant Latina women.

Latina women who work full time earn less than non-Latina women who work full time: a median of $460 per week, compared with $615 per week for non-Latina women. Native-born Latina women earn a median of $540 per week, while immigrant women earn $400.

Readers can access the full report here.

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